Covalent Bond is a type of chemical bonding that atom either share or transfer electron with each other. It is the attraction that holds both atoms that share a pair of electron. Covalent only form between the atom of non metal. The share electrons are attracted to the nuclei of both atom. The cause of this bond is due to the reason that they give atoms a more stable arrangement of electrons. For instance, look at the Hydrogen. It only has one electron atom. Once it shares the electron with another hydrogen, they will have two electron atom. The shared electrons are attracted to both hydrogen nuclei. This force of attraction holds the two atoms together as a molecule of hydrogen. There are two types of covalent bond.

The first type is called polar covalent. This type of bond forms electrons are not shared equally between the two atoms. Let’s look at the example of water compound(H20). The oxygen atom attracts the shared electrons more strongly because its nucleus has more positively charged protons. As a result, the oxygen atom becomes slightly negative in charge. The hydrogen atoms attract the electrons less strongly. They become slightly positive in charge. It’s like when you are working hard in a team, you are tired, but your teammate is lazy and only produce little energy, so your partner is not really tired.

The second type of covalent bond is called non polar bond. It forms when both atom gets electrons shared equally.

Khmer Essential Round 2

ពិធីបុណ្យភ្ជំបិណ្ឌ

ពិធីរួបរួម

ក្នុងភាសាខ្មែរយើង ភ្ជុំឬពំឈុមមានន័យថា”កិច្ចប្រជុំឬការជួបជុំគ្នា” ហើយចំណែកឯ បិណ្ឌមានន័យថា

“ពំនូតបាយ” បាយបិណ្ឌ គឺជា​បាយសម្រាប់អោយពួកប្រែត។ បាយបិណ្ឌគឺ បាយដំណើបជាមួយល្ង

ពូតចូលគ្នា។ ថ្ងៃភ្ជំបិណ្ជនេះ គេប្រារព្ធ​ឡើងចំនួន ១៥ថ្ងៃ។​ បុណ្យនេះ​​ គេចាប់ផ្ដើមឡើងនៅថ្ងៃ

១​រោច​ទៅដល់ ថ្ងៃ១៥រោច​ ខែភទ្របទជារៀង​រាល់ឆ្នាំ។ បុណ្យធំនៃភ្ជំុបិណ្ជគឺថ្ងៃទី ១៥រោចខែភទ្របទ។

តើប្រជាជន​ធ្វើអ្វីខ្លះនៅក្នុងពិធីបុណ្យភ្ជំបិណ្ជ?

នៅថ្ងៃភ្ជំបិណ្យ ប្រជាពលរដ្ធខ្មែរ តែងតែទៅវត្តដើម្បីបោះបាយបិណ្ជ និង​ ធ្វើបុណ្យឧទ្ទិសកសលដល់

ញាតិការរបស់ពួកគេដែលបានចែកឋានទៅ។ មិនត្រឹមតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ ពួកគេបានជួបជុំគ្រួសារនិងមិត្តភក្តិ

ហើយក៏បានទៅវត្ត ប្រគេនភេសជ្ជដល់ព្រះសង្ឃ និងដាក់វេនគ្នាយកចង្ហាន់ទៅវត្ត។ ប្រជាជនខ្មែរយើងក៏

បានជូនម្ហូបអាហារដល់អ្នកមានគុណ ឬព្រះរស់នៅស្ថិតនៅឯគេហដ្ឋានទៀតផង។ ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋយើង ក៏បានរាប់បាត្រ ពូនភ្នំខ្សាច់ដើម្បីឧទ្ទិសកុសលដល់ញាតិការទាំង៧សណ្តានដែលបានចែកឋានដែរ។

ប្រវត្តិពិធីបុណ្យភ្ជំបិណ្ឌ

 

នៅសម័យដើមគឺក្រោយពេល ដែលព្រះពុទ្ធសាសនា ផ្សាយចូលមកក្នុងប្រទេសខ្មែរ

យើងហើយនោះ ភិក្ខុសង្ឃបាននិមន្ត ទៅបិណ្ឌ បាតគ្រប់ច្រកល្ហករាល់ពេលវេលា ដោយមិនគិតថា ជារដូវវស្សា រដូវប្រាំង រដូវ ក្តៅ ឬរដូវរងាឡើយ ។

លុះដល់សម័យស្តេចសោយរាជ្យ គឺវង្ស ”ជ័យវរ្ម័ន”ព្រះអង្គមានព្រះទ័យជ្រះថ្លានឹងព្រះពុទ្ធ

សាសនាក៏បានឧបត្ថម្ភព្រះសង្ឃដែល បួសក្នុងព្រះពុទ្ធសាសនា ដោយបច្ច័យបួន មានចង្ហាន់

បិណ្ឌបាត្រ សេនាសណៈ ភេសជ្ជៈ និង ចីវរ ។ ក្រោយមកទៀត ព្រះអង្គទ្រង់ ឈ្វេងយល់ថា នៅរដូវវស្សាព្រះសង្ឃនិមន្តចេញទៅបិណ្ឌបាត្រ នោះជួបប្រទះនូវការលំបាក ខ្លាំងណាស់ដូចជា ភ្លៀង ផ្គរ រន្ទះ ខ្យល់ បក់បោកដែលបណ្តាលឱ្យព្រះសង្ឃអង្គខ្លះ ត្រូវដួលលើភក់ជ្រាំនោះ ក៏នាំឱ្យព្រះអង្គ

កើតព្រះទ័យសង្វេគផង ជ្រះថ្លាផង ហើយក៏បាន បវារណាដល់ព្រះសង្ឃក្នុងព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា ឱ្យនិមន្តគង់នៅក្នុងវត្ត ហើយកុំនិមន្តចេញបិណ្ឌបាត្រឯណា ក្នុងរយៈពេល៣ខែ មិនតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ ព្រះអង្គក៏បានធ្វើជាព្រះរាជប្រកាសផ្សព្វផ្សាយ ឱ្យប្រជារាស្ត្រទាំងអស់ក្នុងព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា ជួយឧបត្ថម្ភបច្ច័យ បួនដល់ព្រះសង្ឃ ក្នុងរយៈពេលនៃរដូវវស្សាកុំឱ្យព្រះសង្ឃនិមន្តបិណ្ឌបាត្រ

នៅខាងក្រៅទៀត។ ការអនុវត្តន៍បែបនេះ ចេះតែក្លាយ បន្តិចម្តងៗ ប្រជារាស្ត្រក៏ធ្វើតាម

ព្រះរាជារហូតមក គឺឱ្យតែដល់រដូវវស្សារយៈពេល៣ខែ ដោយគិតចាប់ពីថ្ងៃ ១ រោច ខែអាសាឍ ដល់ថ្ងៃពេញបូរមីខែអស្សុជមិនឱ្យព្រះសង្ឃទៅណាទេ (គឺនៅសម័យនោះ គេដាក់បិណ្ឌ

ក្នុងរយៈពេល៣ខែ តែក្រោយៗមកក៏សល់ រយៈពេលតិចទៅៗ រហូតមកដល់សព្វថ្ងៃនេះដោយ

អាស្រ័យដោយកត្តាជីវភាពរស់នៅក្នុងសង្គមមានការប្រែប្រួល។

 

Rate, Negative and Integer

Math in this round is amazing! I got to learn many new things such as Rate, Speed, Algebra, Negative numbers and Integers, and coordinate graph. Due to the reason that it is new to me, I don’t really get used to it yet, so I usually get work done a bit slow, but I don’t disappoint myself as long as I understand them.

My own definition for Rate is something per something. If you don’t understand, let me give you some examples, kilometer per liter, distance per hour. Speed is how fast something is. We also learn to know how to measure speed. By just hearing the topic, I already feel like I’m on top of the world. Can you imagine how cool you are to measure the speed of the bike or how fast it is in one hour while your brother or sister just start riding for 15 minutes? To find the speed of this bike, you can take the distance divided by the time to find one minute first. Then, take quotient to multiply by 60 to find the speed in an hour. If you are smart enough, you can just take the distance for 15 minutes to multiply by 4! If you want to find the distance, you take the speed to multiply by time and if you want to find the distance, you can just take the distance to divided by speed. It’s easy, isn’t it? (The intro is always easy, so don’t get tricked by the power of into!)

Do you know that 0 is not the smallest number in the universe? The numbers that are even smaller than 0 is called Negative Numbers. Negative numbers are also amazing and unlimited just like any other numbers! Integers are just normal, whole numbers with no decimals. Those integers are positive numbers. Usually, the positive sign would represent as +, but for integer, they don’t give any sign because it is just like normal number. To understand more about negative numbers and integer, let’s look at this example of mine. When you see a good person, you don’t even give out a word that he/she is a good person, right? But when you see a bad person, you just gossip and say That’s a bad person and that’s negative. People would not really say any positive things to each other. They just stay quiet, but they will immediately give you a negative sign if you do something wrong. The bigger, the negative number is, the smaller is its value. Mostly, we see people use negative for measuring the temperature. The temperature is colder if the number drops the value.

 

Independent Learning

As we grow up, we need to take many responsibilities in life and today, education is one of the biggest priority for me and some others too. This is a fact that l notice about education. We usually receive it when teachers give us lessons and give us homework or assignments, but have you ever think that independent study also teaches students to have a responsibility too? And that’s what we are doing English Essential Round 5.

 

This round is the most independent round in the Universe! The theme is called….Make the most of your learning! I feel like I am more mature because our facilitator makes us make our own schedule for our literacy studying, but!!!!! She still has something for us to finish. Those are How I Change Cambodia Essay, Must Read a Novel, make a vocabulary list out of it, prepare for the book review and more, more and more!. Fortunately, those things have a long due date or else, I don’t know. Oh yeah, about my novel study, I read Flora and Ulysses by Kate DiCamillo. I’d love to share the summary with you too, but I figure out that I won’t because I want you to read it. Reading is great, don’t you know that? I’m really happy to finish my novel study because it’s one of my independent learning and as a result, I learn a lot from the book. The book is very inspirational. It is about how beautiful life is when we are with friends. Friends are always by each other side and they look after each other no matter what happens. Sometimes, life is in a messed up situation, but we shouldn’t give up on each other. That’s what friends are supposed to do.

 

Overall, Independent Learning gives students more experience. They learn to have more responsibility in their study because in the future there no responsibility that they need to take and this is only the beginning.

Video and Independent Work!!!

This round of Technology and Multimedia is a little bit different. Since round 4, Cindy, our facilitator, told us to collect some of the videos and photos from our break to make something cool. So, we follow what she said and we used those materials to make a video by using Adobe Premiere Pro. My video is about my vacation at Bokor Mountain, Kampot province and at the beach, Koh Kong province. I filmed a video underwater! Here is the link to my video. However, it is not a really good one because it’s my first time trying this.

After finishing the video, we reviewed all of the things that we had learned this year. I can’t believe we’ve learned a lot! This is the list of what we had learned:

  • Research skills
  • Adobe tools: Lightroom, Photoshop, InDesign
  • Computational Thinking
  • What is digital storytelling?
  • Photography basics
  • Videography basics
  • Python syntax
  • If/Else statements
  • For loops
  • While loops
  • Code Club: Rock Paper Scissors, Modern Art, Team Chooser, etc.
  • Adobe Premiere

After making the video, we were independent to choose a topic from the things that we want to learn more about and choose a small project to improve our skill by finding our own material to help us learn. The goal of doing this is to catch up, develop our skill and explore our own interest.

I chose Photoshop because that’s what I’m interested in. I photoshopped a transparent egg. I only used two photos to make that one egg and those photos are a flying bubble and an egg yolk. It is easy if you know how to do it. You can just cut the egg yolk out and place it in the middle of the bubble. Now the bubble is round, let’s make the bubble into the egg shape. You might see the shadow in the bubble, so what you have to do is change the kind of layer into Multiple layer for both the bubble and the egg. See? It is finished. My another product is me diving with a dolphin. You need a picture of the ocean with the dolphin jumping, then you can just cut the photo of yourself diving into the water or the picture that you are about to touch the surface of the water. After that, you can add a png water splash picture somewhere around your legs to make it looks a bit more realistic. Below are the products that I’ve made. It’s not a very good one, but I’m glad to share it with you.

Actually, I don’t feel like this photoshop is easy at all, but thank you so much to the resources that helped me went through this very well. I really enjoyed doing this project because I can show people about what I can do, even though, it’s not that great. Do you want to try Photoshop now?

 

Round 4 of Multimedia

In multimedia class, we study about python coding just like the last round, but this round is much more fun because we got to practice our lesson by coding games. We also learn some new content such as function, list, list length, etc. Cindy, our multimedia facilitator, introduced us a new website that we can practice our skill. Not only that, the website is also where we have to do our assignment. The website is called Code Club Projects. There are many projects that you can do there. Plus, the website provides you with code instructions and fun challenges section that might interest you. One of our assignment is called Team Chooser. It is like a machine to randomly put people in teams. In government school, I never did something like that, so I feel very fortunate and grateful to do that assignment. Click here to try out the project. We also did a Code Club Independent Reflection. In that reflection, we have to choose one of the Code Club project. Those are –

Turtle Race!: https://codeclubprojects.org/en-GB/python/turtle-race/

Secret Messages: https://codeclubprojects.org/en-GB/python/secret-messages/

Colorful Creations: https://codeclubprojects.org/en-GB/python/colourful-creations/

RPG: https://codeclubprojects.org/en-GB/python/rpg/

Where is the Space Station?: https://codeclubprojects.org/en-GB/python/iss/

The project that I choose is Turtle race. It is really to code that game. In the game, there are a few turtles that will have to race. I didn’t code for which turtle to get to the line first. I code it randomly, so it’s depend on your luck.

Coding is still a hard topic for me, but I believe that one day, it will be easy for me.

 

Multimedia Round#4

In multimedia class, we study about python coding just like the last round, but this round is much more fun because we got to practice our lesson by coding games. We also learn some new content such as function, list, list length, etc. Cindy, our multimedia facilitator, introduced us a new website that we can practice our skill. Not only that, the website is also where we have to do our assignment. The website is called Code Club Projects. There are many projects that you can do there. Plus, the website provides you with code instructions and fun challenges section that might interest you. One of our assignment is called Team Chooser. It is like a machine to randomly put people in teams. In government school, I never did something like that, so I feel very fortunate and grateful to do that assignment. Click here to try out the project. We also did a Code Club Independent Reflection. In that reflection, we have to choose one of the Code Club project. Those are –

Turtle Race!: https://codeclubprojects.org/en-GB/python/turtle-race/

Secret Messages: https://codeclubprojects.org/en-GB/python/secret-messages/

Colorful Creations: https://codeclubprojects.org/en-GB/python/colourful-creations/

RPG: https://codeclubprojects.org/en-GB/python/rpg/

Where is the Space Station?: https://codeclubprojects.org/en-GB/python/iss/

The project that I choose is Turtle race. It is really to code that game. In the game, there are a few turtles that will have to race. I didn’t code for which turtle to get to the line first. I code it randomly, so it’s depend on your luck.

Coding is still a hard topic for me, but I believe that one day, it will be easy for me.

 

Round #4

In math this round, we learn about percentage and how to measure angles. Percentage is quite useful in our everyday life. It’s easy to understand, it represent a lot of things and it’s easy to remember. You don’t have to tell the exact number, but you can just tell them the percentage(of something). To me, percentage is not difficult, but it’s not easy too. When it comes to measuring the angle, it’s a bit difficult for me, but I think that the more I practice, the better I will get. It is a little weird for me to measure these angles in the textbook because I usually learn to measure one single angle at a time, but these angles are lots of shapes combine together which is a little weird for me at first. Anyway, even though, there are lots of struggle and challenges ahead of me in math class, it’s still my favorite class. I can’t believe I measure angles without protractor!

 

Round 3 Of The Year

The theme for this round 3 of the year is Identity. We need to know more about ourself, what make us who we are, our shape and gene. In our class, we also write a poem about ourself. We all got the same title for our poem, Where I’m From. It was inspired by George Ella Lyon. I really like this poem even though it is not really rhyme because it helps me to know more about myself. This is the one that I wrote.

 

I am from rice pot from the kitchen and pajamas, most comfortable things.

I am from the  bright yellow wood

I am from the flower pots

The mango tree whose long gone limbs I remember as if they were my own.

I’m from read your book and take the spoon out of the plate from Vichea and Sonach

I’m from watching the TV and let’s do something and the rice cooking. I’m from the becoming the crocodile when laying down while eating and don’t sleep over other heads and កខគឃង

I’m from the ancestors praying.

I’m from Chhouk district and Cambodia’s roasted chickens and Khmer noodle

From secretly watching my grandma cooking ingredient, my smart mom and searching for clams on the beach.

Next to a small mountain,  surrounded by other islands. I will never forget.

 

We all also got to write the meaning of our name. It is really cool to share people about what your name mean because sometimes, names doesn’t make any sense, but if we look into it very clearly, names have their own meaning. We just don’t know it and this is what I wrote.

 

In Khmer, my name means good life or good birth. This name is from Cambodia. My father gave this name to me when I was born recently after knowing that this name was a very well known name in Buddha history in Khmer version. I was bone in the year of the rooster and in Khmer, it is a very strong male giant. So, I always think and I am strong and it fits very well with my great name.

It was the name of a woman who is the first person to give food to Buddha when he had only skin covering his bone. Now this name is also mine. In Cambodia, a famous actress in Cambodia also gets the same name as me. Socheata Sveng. She gets to appear in many movies such as Phka Sropon(withered flower), First They Killed My Father and more. So, whenever I see her, I always say that she is me and I am on the TV and that makes me love my name even more.  

On the first of my life at my new school, Liger Leadership Academy, my foreign teachers can’t pronounce my name very well. Some of them pronounce it like cheetah, jeeta, cheat-tah, but my name is pronounce like ji-a_ta. It sounds funny for myself when I hear them pronounce it, but I am not angry. It’s just a name. They can call me anything that makes them comfortable to say, unless, that name is inappropriate. Even now, the teacher that gave me this assignment can’t pronounce my name very well and that’s okay.

Besides the real name of me, I have a few nicknames too. At Kampot city, they called me Srey Pich which means diamond. At Chhouk district, they called me Tek which means water. At Koh Sdach island, they called me Poklok which means messy or fast like a baby who can’t stay still. I don’t mind if someone giving an appropriate nickname.

In my life, I never thought of changing my name even some people think that it’s funny because it has a fabulous meaning. Also, it is the name that my father gave to me. He always told me to use that name to make my family proud. I love my name because it has a fabulous meaning and it sounds lovely for myself when I say it.

Beside the thing above, we also divided ourself into four groups to read the same book with the theme of “Identity”. Those book are Wonder, Outsider, Looking For Alaska and Monster. Those are very great books. I and my group read Wonder. It’s the book about a boy whose face is not the same as everybody else and how his life was in school. We always do a discussion about the book that we read every week. In the discussion,  everybody have their own role and we change our roles every week, so that we will get the same experience. Those roles are Summarizer, Visualizer, Inferencer, Symbolizer and Word Detector.

Thank You for reading this and don’t forget to read more book because it gives you many benefits. If you don’t believe me, read more than one book and you’ll know it.

 

Round 2 Of The Year

Our English Literacy theme for this round 2 is Social and Environmental Justice.

Social justice is about how people are treated unfairly based on their race, origin, religions, ect…

Environmental Justice is similar to social justice, but it is about how the environment affects people or human lives. We also completed a hyperdoc about minority groups in Connecticut and how the power plants affect people because most of the power plants in the state are located near the minority groups territory.

Beside social and environmental justice, we also focused on how to write an argumentative essay. Before writing the argumentative essay, we also learn tips and skills to write an argumentative it. That includes writing a thesis statement, choosing evidence, integrating source and more.